Thursday, 29 October 2015

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

It is a centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, for the development of secondary education in public schools throughout India. It was launched in March 2009. The implementation of the scheme has started from 2009-2010 to provide conditions for an efficient growth, development and equity for all. The scheme includes a multidimensional research, technical consulting, various implementations and funding support.The principal objectives are to enhance quality of secondary education and increase the total enrollment rate from 52% (as of 2005–2006) to 75% in five years, i.e. from 2009–2014.It aims to provide universal education for all children between 15–16 years of age.[3] The funding from the central ministry is provided through state governments, which establish separate implementing agencies
The objectives of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan can be summarised as follows:[3]

To improve quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms.

To remove gender, socio-economic and disability barriers.

Universal access to secondary level education by 2017, i.e., by the end of the XII Five Year Plan.

Universal retention by 2020.

RMSA is planned to promote secondary education by establishing in every target school the following infrastructure:

Additional class rooms
Art and crafts room
Toilet blocks
Drinking water provisions
Residential hostels for teachers in remote areas
In addition it aims to provide additional teachers to reduce student-teacher to 30:1, focus on science, mathematics and English education, in-service training of teachers, science laboratories, ICT-enabled education, curriculum reforms, and teaching-learning reforms

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