Thursday, 29 October 2015

Digital India Mission

Mission is to transform India into a digital empowered society and knowledge economy. By the Dept of Electronics and IT; in phases until 2018. Budgetary provisions to Depts and Ministeries.
Vision areas of Digital India are:
1. Government services available to citizens electronically. Will usher in public accountability. 
2. High speed internet as a core utility to be made available to every Gram Panchayat. 
3. Digital identity- unique, authenticable.
4. A safe and secure cyberspace. 
5. Mobile phone and Bank Account which will enable participation in digital and financial space at individual level.
6. Governance and Services on demand
a. Single window access- seamless integration across ministeries and departments. Will improve Ease of doing business and responsivity and approachability of the government.
b. Government services accessible via the mobile too. 
c. A Public Cloud- where a shareable private space; citizen entitlements also put here.
d. Financial transactions above a threshold- only electronic. Hence reduction in corruption, transparency.
e. use of GIS. For better decision making and effective use of resources. 
7. Digital Empowered Citizenry: All government services and documents/certificates available on the cloud. Use of the vernacular. Participatory governance can be effected.
A. IT (Indian Talent) + IT (information technology) = IT (India Tomorrow)
B. Technology can now become central aspect of ushering change. 
C. Transformative mission as it weaves together many ideas, encompasses within its ambit many programmes, schemes, services. 
D. Many existing schemes will be restructured and re-focused to be implemented in a synchronised manner
Digital India provides thrust to the NINE pillars of growth areas:
1. Braodband Highways: Rural, urban and National Information Infra
NOFN to connect all the villages. 
NII will integrate the network and cloud infrastructure in the country to provide high speed connectivity and cloud platform to various government departments up to the panchayat level. 
Integration of State Wide Area Network (SWAN), National Knowledge Network (NKN), National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN), Government User Network (GUN) and the MeghRaj Cloud.
2. Information for all: aim is to reach the maximum number to spread awareness of services, rights and duties.
engagement through social media
using online messaging and emails
3. Electronic manufacturing
Targetting netzero imports by 2020. 
Focus Areas are: FABS, Fab-less design, Set top boxes, VSATs, Mobiles, Consumer & Medical Electronics, Smart Energy meters, Smart cards, micro-ATMs
Impetus to R&D, Skill development; Effecting economies of scale by taxation and incentives. Eliminating the cost disadvantage.

4. Universal access to mobile connectivity
5. E-governance: reformation of governance through technology
Form simplification, online tracking, Integration of services and platforms e.g. Aadhaar platform of Unique Identity Authority of India (UIDAI), payment gateway, Mobile Seva platform, sharing of data through open Application Programming Interfaces (API) and middleware such as National and State Service Delivery Gateways (NSDG/SSDG) should be mandated to facilitate integrated and interoperable service delivery to citizens and businesses. 
6. E-Kranti: Electronic delivery of services.
Transforming e-Governance for Transforming Governance.
Considering the critical need of e-Governance, mobile Governance and Good Governance in the country, the approach and key components of e-Kranti have been envisioned. All e-governance programs under e-kranti. 
e-healthcare, e-prosecution, e-education etc.
7. Public Internet access programme.
- one Common Service Centre in each Gram Panchayat. CSCs would be made viable and multi-functional end-points for delivery of government and business services.
- Post offices as multi service centres.
8. IT for jobs. 
Rural, small towns, North East to have special focus. Skilling. Promotion of BPOs esp NE because of the hold on English language
9. Early Harvest programme. To be implemented within short timeline. eg Public Wi-Fi hotspots, Biometric attendance, Secure email within the government etc
- PPP wherever feasible
- Successes will be identified and replicated as soon as possible.
- citizen centricity is at the heart of the initiative. 
- Felixibility to states to identify state-specific projects, in consonance with special needs of the social and economic structure of the area.

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