Thursday, 29 October 2015

National Offshore Wind Energy Policy

While onshore wind energy technologies have become competitive with fossil fuel based electricity with supportive policy regimes across the world, exploitation of offshore wind energy is yet to reach a comparable scale.
in india, we have 24GW of wind energy capacity already installed and generating power. trying to replicate this success in offshore sector as well. in the whole world, about 8.7 GW capacity has been installed.


* To Explore and Promote Deployment of Offshore Wind Farms in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), including those under Public Private Partnership.
* To Promote Investment in Energy Infrastructure & Achieve Energy Security
* To Promote Spatial Planning and Management of Maritime Renewable Energy Resources in the Exclusive Economic Zone
* To Reduce Carbon Emissions.
* To Encourage Indigenization of the Offshore Wind Energy Technology 
* To Create Skilled Manpower and Employment in this sector

Developments in India

Wind resource data collected for the coastline of Rameshwaram and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu and Gujarat Coast shows reasonable potential. preliminary assessment shows potential to establish around 1 GW capacity wind farm each along the coastline of Rameshwaram and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu.


1. Territorial waters
2. Exclusive Economic Zone [ beyond the 12 nm limit and up to 200 nm]


* Relates to resource characterisation
* turbine foundation
* grid interconnection and operation
* development of transmission infrastructure
* coastal security during construction and operation period

Essential Elements of Development of Offshore Wind Energy

* Preliminary Resource Assessment and preliminary oceanographic & bathymetric studies for demarcation of blocks 
* Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) study of proposed Offshore Wind Farms regarding aquatic life, fishing etc studies relating to navigation, undersea mining and related exploitation activities
* Detailed studies & surveys
* Grid Connectivity and Evacuation of Power (both offshore and onshore) 
* Technology
* Incentives
* Financing & Insurance
* Security of offshore installations 


* Min of New & Renewable Energy [MNRE] is nodal ministry
* National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) will be Nodal Agency 
* NIWE will accept applications for Clearances/NOCs - will act as facilitator only
* there will be a Offshore Wind Energy Steering Committee under Secretary of MNRE: Will steer the offshore wind energy development by providing policy guidance and will oversee the execution and effective implementation
* Ministry of Shipping /State Maritime Board /State Government will provide access to port infrastructure
* Central and State Transmission Utility will undertake onshore evacuation and grid connectivity
* Processes will have to be cleared out from naval operations point of view
* offer of blocks will be made through an open International Competitive Bidding (ICB) process
* fiscal incentives, allowing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) participation, Public Private Partnership, and international collaborations 

No comments:

Post a Comment